The Statue of Liberty, also known as liberty illuminating the world, is the 100th anniversary gift of France to the United States in 1876. The statue of liberty in the United States is located near the Hudson estuary in New York City, USA. It is an important tourist attraction of American Freedom Island.
The statue of liberty in the United States is based on the statue of liberty in the Luxembourg Park of Paris, France. The famous French sculptor bartor Dili completed the sculpture of the statue in May 1884 for 10 years. The appearance design of the goddess comes from the sculptor's mother, while the right hand holding the torch comes from the sculptor's wife's arm. The statue of liberty wore ancient Greek style clothes, and her head was decorated with seven pointed awns symbolizing the seven continents and four oceans of the world.
The statue of liberty is a symbol of freedom. In June 1885, the statue was boxed and transported to New York. In October 1886, Cleveland, the then president of the United States, presided over the opening ceremony in New York.
The iron and steel bracket inside the statue was designed and made by architect willebrduk and French engineer Gustav Eiffel, who later built the Eiffel Tower in Paris. The whole statue is made of 120 tons of steel as the skeleton, 80 tons of copper as the skin, and assembled and fixed on the bracket with 300000 rivets. The spiral staircase inside the statue allows visitors to climb its head, which is equivalent to climbing a 12 story building.
On the base of the statue of liberty constructed by granite, the famous sonnet "the new giant" written by American poetess emmana sarochi is engraved: "let those people who are exhausted and penniless after the long journey because they are eager to breathe the free air, nestle together in my arms! I stand at the golden gate, holding up the lamp of freedom
The goddess holds the torch of freedom in her right hand, the declaration of independence on July 4, 1776 in her left hand, and broken handcuffs, shackles and chains under her feet. She symbolized freedom and freedom from tyranny. She was completed and unveiled on October 28, 1886. The internal structure of the statue was designed by Gustav Eiffel, who later built the Eiffel Tower in Paris. The statue of the goddess was built on a base of metal, which was made of 225 tons of concrete. The pedestal of the statue of Liberty was built by the famous Joseph Pulitzer for $100000. The pedestal is a museum of American immigration history.
The statue of liberty is not a historical monument, but an artifact. At the end of the 19th century, there was no air route for intercontinental travel. Ships were the only means of transportation across the ocean. New York Harbor was the largest port on the coast of the United States. As a port for most visitors to and from the United States, the statue of Liberty was erected on an island just three kilometers southwest of Manhattan Island.
As the statue of liberty is just near the route, passengers entering and leaving the port can be seen. When the ship sailed into the bay of New York, due to the curvature of the sea surface, the passengers on board could not see the high-rise buildings in New York City. The first thing they saw was this huge statue. Holding the torch in hand, the statue held it high in the air, and looked at the front with a beautiful posture. At this time, some passengers waved to her, and others took photos of her. Especially at night, the lights in the torch are bright, and the searchlight from the island ground to the statue of liberty makes the statue of liberty more clear and spectacular. Similarly, when the ship leaves the urban wharf, it will pass by her side. At this time, although it was far away from the statue, it was still vaguely visible because of its high base. Some of the passengers waved to it, others said "goodbye" to her. The statue of liberty has become a major attraction for ships entering and leaving New York port.
In 1984, the statue of Liberty was listed in the world heritage list by UNESCO and became one of the world heritage sites in the United States.