This data is from Alibaba Damo academy summarizes the top ten technological trends in 2021，let study together.
Top ten technological trends in 2021: Ⅰ, the third generation semiconductor represented by Gan and SiC ushers in a big explosion of applications
Gallium nitride (GAN) and silicon carbide (SIC) as the representative of the third generation semiconductor, with high temperature resistance, high voltage resistance, high frequency, high power, radiation resistance and other excellent characteristics, but limited by process, cost and other factors, for many years only limited to a small range of applications. In recent years, with the continuous breakthrough of material growth, device preparation and other technologies, the cost performance advantage of the third generation semiconductor is gradually emerging and is opening up the application market: SiC components have been used in automotive inverters, and Gan fast chargers are also on the market. In the next five years, electronic devices based on the third generation semiconductor materials will be widely used in 5g base stations, new energy vehicles, UHV, data centers and other scenarios.
Ten technological trends in 2021 II. In the post "quantum hegemony" era, quantum error correction and practical advantages become the core proposition
2020 is the first year of "quantum hegemony". The world's investment in quantum computing continues to rise, technology and ecology are booming, and many platforms are colorful. This trend will continue to push up the attention and expectation of the society in 2021. The research of quantum computing needs to prove its practical value. The industry needs to focus on the mission of the "post hegemony" era: collaborative innovation, solving many scientific and engineering problems, and laying the foundation for reaching the two milestones of quantum error correction and practical advantage as soon as possible.
Ten technological trends in 2021 Ⅲ. Carbon based technology breakthroughs accelerate the development of flexible electronics
Flexible electronics refers to the electronic devices that keep their original performance after shape changes such as twisting, folding and stretching, which can be used as wearable devices, electronic skin, flexible display screen, etc. The main bottleneck of the development of flexible electronics lies in the materials, which are not flexible enough and easy to fail, or their electrical properties are far inferior to those of hard silicon-based electronics. In recent years, the technological breakthrough of carbon based materials provides a better choice for flexible electronic materials: the quality of carbon nanotubes, a carbon based flexible material, can meet the requirements of large-scale integrated circuit preparation, and the circuit performance prepared on this material is better than that of silicon-based circuit with the same size; and the large-area preparation of graphene, another carbon based flexible material, has also been realized.
2021 top ten technology trends IV. AI improves the efficiency of drug and vaccine research and development
AI has been widely used in medical imaging, medical record management and other auxiliary diagnostic scenarios, but the application of AI in vaccine development and drug clinical research is still in the exploratory stage. With the iteration of new AI algorithm and breakthrough of computational power, AI will effectively solve the problems of long cycle and high cost of vaccine / drug development, such as improving the efficiency of compound screening, disease modeling, new target discovery, lead compound discovery and lead drug optimization. The combination of AI and clinical medicine research and development can greatly improve the efficiency of medical research and vaccine.
Top 10 technological trends in 2021 Ⅴ. Brain computer interface helps human beings transcend biological limits
Brain computer interface is the key technology of the new generation of human-computer interaction and human-computer hybrid intelligence. Brain computer interface (BCI) plays an important role in supporting and promoting the development of neural engineering, helping human beings to further analyze the working principle of human brain from a higher dimensional space. Brain computer interface (BCI), a new technology field, is an exploratory way to communicate between the brain and external devices, and to control the machine by brain power. For example, to help improve the application accuracy in controlling the mechanical arm will provide accurate rehabilitation services for patients who are conscious and have sound thinking but can not speak or move their hands.
Ten technological trends in 2021 Ⅵ. Data processing realizes "autonomy and self evolution"
With the development of cloud computing and the continuous exponential growth of data scale, traditional data processing is faced with great challenges such as high storage cost, complex cluster management, and diversity of computing tasks; facing the huge increase of data scale and complex and diverse processing scenarios, manual management and system tuning are difficult. Therefore, the automatic optimization of data management system through intelligent method becomes the inevitable choice for the future development of data processing. Artificial intelligence and machine learning methods are gradually widely used in intelligent hot and cold data layering, anomaly detection, intelligent modeling, resource mobilization, parameter tuning, pressure test generation, index recommendation and other fields, effectively reducing the management cost of data calculation, processing, storage, operation and maintenance, and realizing the "autonomy and self evolution" of data management system.
Top 10 technology trends in 2021 Ⅶ
In the traditional IT development environment, the product development online cycle is long and the R & D efficiency is not high. Cloud native architecture makes full use of the distributed, scalable and flexible characteristics of cloud computing to more efficiently apply and manage various cloud computing resources in heterogeneous hardware and environment. Through methodology toolset, best practices and product technology, developers can focus on the application development process itself 。 In the future, chips, development platforms, application software and even computers will be born on the cloud, which can highly abstract the network, server, operating system and other infrastructure layers, reduce computing costs, improve iteration efficiency, significantly reduce the threshold of cloud computing, and expand the technology application boundary.
Top 10 technology trends in 2021 Trend Ⅷ: agriculture enters the era of data intelligence
The development of traditional agricultural industry has some bottleneck problems, such as low utilization rate of land resources and disconnection from production to retail. Science and technology represented by Internet of things, artificial intelligence and cloud computing are deeply integrated with agricultural industry to open up the whole link process of agricultural industry. Combined with the new generation of sensor technology, the farmland ground data information can be obtained and perceived in real time, and rely on big data analysis and artificial intelligence technology to quickly process the massive field of agricultural data, to achieve crop monitoring, fine breeding and on-demand allocation of environmental resources. At the same time, through the application of 5g, Internet of things, blockchain and other technologies, we can ensure the controllability and traceability in the logistics transportation of agricultural products, and ensure the safety and reliability of the overall supply chain process of agricultural products. Agriculture will bid farewell to "relying on the sky" to enter the era of intelligent agriculture.
Top 10 technological trends in 2021 Ⅸ. Industrial Internet moves from single point intelligence to global intelligence
Due to the high implementation cost and complexity, difficult access to supply side data, imperfect overall ecology and other factors, the current industrial intelligence still focuses on solving the demand for fragmentation. The resilience shown by the digital economy in the epidemic situation makes enterprises pay more attention to the value of industrial intelligence. In addition, the progress and popularization of digital technology and the investment pull of new infrastructure will jointly promote the rapid transition of industrial intelligence from single point intelligence to global intelligence, especially the manufacturing industry with good information foundation, such as automobile, consumer electronics, brand clothing, steel, cement and chemical industry The global intelligent application of closed-loop production decision-making throughout the supply chain, production, assets, logistics, sales and other links will emerge on a large scale.
Ten technological trends in 2021 Ⅹ. Smart operation center becomes the standard configuration of future cities
In the past 10 years, smart city has effectively improved the level of urban governance with the help of digital means. However, in the prevention and control of the new crown epidemic, some so-called smart cities have exposed problems, especially due to the lack of business application caused by "focusing on construction rather than operation". In this context, city managers hope to revitalize data resources through the operation center, and promote the overall, refined and real-time governance and service. The growing maturity and popularization of aiot technology and the progress of spatial computing technology will further enhance the intelligent level of the operation center. On the basis of digital twin, the city will be regarded as a unified system and provide the overall intelligent governance ability, and then become the digital infrastructure of the future city.
The above ten technologies will deeply change our production and life. There are many variables about the future, which makes people full of fantasy and expectation.