The predecessor and development history of golf
“Golf sports ”originated and created from Chinese shepherds more than 1000 years ago. Shepherds can accurately hit stones to the target 200 meters away with a wooden stick in order to let stray sheep return to the team. This action is called "You Shi"
The records of golf in historical documents appeared in 1457. Because the soldiers were crazy about golf, which affected their daily training, King James II of Scotland at that time asked the parliament to prohibit golf.
The name of golf also comes from the Scottish word "Gouf", which means "hit, hit". Nowadays, golf courses are built in imitation of Scotland's unique coastal sand, which requires not only good drainage and high-quality lawn, but also a certain undulating shape.
Golf was operated as a sports industry in 1744. On March 7, 1744, the then Edinburgh Golf Club specially drew up a set of 13 rules for the member competition on April 2, 1744. This rule became the earliest rule in golf history, which was called "Thirteen rules" by later generations. The rules were published in written form, and have been the basic rules for golf clubs or associations in Europe and America for more than 150 years.
In 1860, the British Open was held, which was the first golf event in the world. The game changed and created the precedent of modern golf. With the continuous expansion of British colonial rule, golf also spread from the British three islands to the European continent, the American continent, Africa, Oceania and Asia. By the beginning of the 20th century, golf had been developed all over the world.
With the development of international competitions, the Royal old golf club of St Andrews in Scotland and the American Golf Association are arguing about the rules. At the beginning of the 20th century, the two most influential institutions reached an agreement to adopt the rules of golf competition formulated by the royal ancient Golf Club of St Andrews in Scotland when holding international competitions in Europe and the United States. Every time an international golf match is held in both places, it is still necessary to unify the rules before the match.
In 1951, the United States Golf Association and the royal ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews, Scotland, after serious consultation, fundamentally resolved the differences in understanding the rules. Both sides reached a consensus on the interpretation of the rules, and unanimously decided to hold a joint meeting every four years to check the mistakes and revise the rules of golf competition. Since then, the two organizations have become the world's recognized golf competition rules of the formulation, interpretation and arbitration of the highest authority.
Golf was listed as an event in the 1900 and 1904 Olympic Games, but it was not an official event of the Olympic Games. In 1900, 1904 and 2016 Olympic Games, golf was listed as an official event.
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