American National Standard Institute (ANSI) is a non-profit non-governmental standardization organization in the United States. It is the coordination center of voluntary standard system. It was founded in 1918 and headquartered in New York. More than 250 professional institutes, associations, consumer organizations and more than 1000 companies (including foreign companies) participated in the activities. Representatives of federal government agencies participated in their activities in their personal names and did not accept government funding.
American national standards is a non-profit non-governmental standardization organization. Department of Commerce, Department of army, Department of Navy, ASTM, ASME, asmme, ASCE and AIEE all participated in the preparatory work of ANSI. In fact, ANSI has become the national standard of the United States The standardization center is the center around which standardization activities of all walks of life in the United States are carried out. ANSI makes relevant government systems and civil systems cooperate with each other, and plays a role of bridge between government and civil standardization systems.
ANSI coordinates and guides the national standardization activities in the United States, provides assistance to the standard formulation, research and use units, and provides standardization information at home and abroad. At the same time, it also plays the role of American standardization administration.
Under the leadership of the executive board, ANSI has four committees: Academic Committee, board of directors, Member Council and Secretariat.
ANSI academic committee includes Executive Standards conference, international technical committee, patent group, standards and data business committee, authorization Committee, American National Committee, etc. The board of directors is composed of executive committee, finance committee, board of directors and conformity assessment committee, International Committee and national publishing Committee. Members of the Council include members of the company's parliament, members of the Council, members of the government's parliament, and members of the Council. The Secretariat consists of senior managers, standards publishing office and management executive office.
ANSI members are as follows:
At present, ANSI has about 200 members of industry, association and other organizations, and about 1400 members of companies (enterprises). Its funds come from membership dues and sales income of standard materials, and there is no government fund. The leading body is the board of directors composed of the chairman, vice chairman and 50 senior business representatives, which exercises leadership. When the board of directors is not in session, the Executive Committee shall exercise its functions and powers, and the standard review committee under the Executive Committee shall be composed of 15 members. The headquarters is in New York and the satellite office is in Washington.
The staff of the National Bureau of standards (NBS) and the official representatives of many other organizations of the U.S. government also participate in the work of the American Standards Institute through various channels.
There are various technical committees under the American Standards Institute, such as electrical engineering, construction, daily necessities, drawing, material testing, etc.
ANSI working procedure
Due to the pluralism and liberalization of American society, a unique decentralized standard system has been formed in the United States. In addition to the standards formulated by enterprises and companies, nearly 400 professional institutions, societies and associations have formulated and issued standards in their respective professional fields, while more than 580 organizations have participated in standardization activities. Its enterprise standardization work also started earlier and has been quite effective. With the continuous expansion of enterprises, the standardization organization of enterprise management is also expanding. Some standardization organizations are under the leadership of management department, while others are under the leadership of design unit or process unit. The external standard of enterprises is not general. In 1996 alone, the standard increased by 4% to 13056.
The American National Standards Institute itself rarely sets standards. There are three ways to compile the ANSI standard
1. Relevant units are responsible for drafting, inviting experts or professional groups to vote, and reporting the results to the standard review meeting established by ANSI for deliberation and approval. This method is called voting survey method.
2. The standard draft is prepared by the representatives of ANSI Technical Committee and other organizations, and all members vote on it. Finally, it is reviewed and approved by the standard review committee. This method is called Committee method.
3. From the standards formulated by various professional societies and associations, those which are more mature and of great significance to the whole country will be upgraded to national standards (ANSI) after being reviewed by the ANSI technical committees, and given the ANSI standard code and classification number, while retaining the original professional standard code.
Most of the standards of American National Standards Institute come from various professional standards. On the other hand, professional societies and associations can also formulate some product standards based on existing national standards. Of course, it is not necessary to formulate its own Association standards according to national standards. ANSI standards are voluntary. The United States believes that mandatory standards may limit productivity gains. However, the standards quoted by laws and formulated by government departments are generally mandatory.