"Amnesty" and "trump's self amnesty"
Amnesty refers to exempting or reducing the criminal's responsibility or punishment. It is a kind of criminal law measure in feudal times of China, which has been recorded in historical records for a long time.
Amnesty refers to the immunity given by the government to a specific group of prisoners or a specific category of prisoners. The authoritative law dictionary black law dictionary explains "amnesty": the immunity given by the government to a specific group of prisoners or a specific category of prisoners. Amnesty is divided into amnesty and amnesty. Amnesty has a wide range of application, which can be exempted from the execution of penalty and criminal prosecution, that is, the punishment and crime can be eliminated at the same time. The crime of being pardoned can not be used as a reason for criminal record and recidivism. The scope of amnesty is small, only exempting a specific person from punishment.
In 404 BC, thrasybulus, the Athenian navy general and democratic leader, led the Athenian people to fight against the "Thirty Tyrants" of the oligarchic government at that time. After winning the victory, thrasybulus pardoned most of the aristocrats of the ruling class, but excluded the "Thirty Tyrants" from the list of pardons.
During the reign of Caesar in ancient Rome, Caesar pardoned his enemies many times. The Romans built a temple to show their gratitude for Caesar's forgiveness. Caesar died in the assassination of a subordinate who had been pardoned several times.
In China's long history of feudal rule, the emperor's accession to the throne, the change of the year, the appointment of the queen, the establishment of the prince, the suppression of rebellion, the opening of the territory, the encounter of disasters, diseases can be the reasons for amnesty.
In 1954, the constitution of the people's Republic of China provided for amnesty and amnesty.
Since 1900, according to the statistics of the U.S. Department of justice, many U.S. presidents have signed amnesty orders. Section 2 of Article 2 of the U.S. Constitution clearly gives the president the right of amnesty. During the reign of George W. Bush, 189 amnesties were signed, 393 for President Reagan and 863 for President Nixon. President Obama has signed only 64 amnesties, many of which are related to illegal immigrants. On July 28, 2015, nearly 170000 people in the United States petitioned on the White House website to pardon Snowden, responded and explicitly refused to pardon Snowden.
In 1977, former US President Carter pardoned all those who had evaded military service because of the 1975 Vietnam War.
In November 2014, Obama signed an executive order to implement the immigration reform plan, pardoning about 5 million illegal immigrants in the United States and giving them legal residence status. Although this policy has been hindered by many obstacles, it has not been implemented in 2015. The White House explained on its official website that there are about 11 million illegal immigrants, many of whose children are American citizens. Forced repatriation will create many broken families. In addition, if these illegal immigrants are given the right to work legally, they need to start paying taxes to the United States, which is conducive to raising taxes.
Can trump grant himself amnesty?
gmtlight according to CCTV news, the results of an ABC / Washington Post poll released on January 17 local time show that 68% of Americans oppose President Trump's self pardon for any federal crimes he may have committed.
CNN news released a poll: at the end of his term, Trump's approval rating hit a new low, and he will leave with the lowest approval rating of his presidency. only 34% of Americans approve of the way trump exercises presidential power, down from 42% before the election.
The ABC / Washington Post poll also showed that before the inauguration ceremony on January 20, 67% of Americans approved Biden's handling of the presidential transition, but only half believed that Biden would make the right decisions for the future of the United States, and did not expect him to lead the United States forward on key issues.
Several presidents of South Korea have been sentenced, and Mr. gmtlight Niu thinks it's really wrong. He does not suggest that the criminal law be applied to the heads of state. Usually, they serve the country or the whole society, and they are also one of the best people. As president of the United States, trump can be forgiven for some mistakes.
Gmtlight: if US President trump granted himself an amnesty, could he be overthrown in the future?