The Silk Road generally refers to the land silk road.
The name "Silk Road" is the "invention" of German scholars.
At the end of the 19th century, German geographer Richthofen named "the Silk Road" in his book "China", which was "from 114 B.C. to 127 A.D., the silk trade between China and Central Asia, and between China and India as the medium of the western region traffic road". This term was quickly accepted by the academic circles and the public, and was officially used. Later, in his book "the ancient Silk Road between China and Syria" published at the beginning of the 20th century, German historian Herman further extended the Silk Road to the West Bank of the Mediterranean and Asia Minor according to the newly discovered cultural relics and archaeological data, and determined the basic connotation of the Silk Road, that is, it was the land route from ancient China to South Asia, West Asia, Europe and North Africa through Central Asia It is a channel for trade.
The traditional silk road starts from Chang'an, the ancient capital of China, and reaches the Mediterranean Sea through Central Asian countries, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Syria, etc. with Rome as the end point, with a total length of 6440 km. This road is considered to be the intersection of ancient Eastern and Western civilizations connecting Asia and Europe, and silk is the most representative goods. For thousands of years, nomads or tribes, merchants, believers, diplomats, soldiers and academic researchers have been moving around along the silk road.
The land Silk Road originated from the Western Han Dynasty (202-8 BC) when Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty sent Zhang Qian to the western regions to open up a land passage from Chang'an (today's Xi'an), the capital, to Central Asia and West Asia via Gansu and Xinjiang, and to connect Mediterranean countries. The starting point of the Silk Road in the Eastern Han Dynasty was Luoyang. Its original function was to transport silk from ancient China.
On June 22, 2014, the eastern section of the land Silk Road "Silk Road: road network of chang'an-tianshan corridor", jointly declared by China, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, was successfully declared as a world cultural heritage, becoming the first successful World Heritage application project through transnational cooperation.
China section of the Silk Road (Henan Province: Luoyang City site of Han and Wei dynasties, dingdingmen site of Luoyang City of Sui and Tang Dynasties, Hanguguan site of Han Dynasty in Xin'an, Shihao section of Guhan ancient road; Shaanxi Province: Weiyang Palace site of Han and Chang'an City, Tomb of Zhang Qian, Daming Palace site of Tang and Chang'an City, Dayan Pagoda, Xiaoyan pagoda, Xingjiao Temple Pagoda, Dafosi Grottoes in Bin County; Gansu Province: Yumenguan site, Xuanquanzhi site, Maijishan grottoes, Bingling Grottoes) In Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region: Gaochang ancient city, Jiaohe Ancient City, kizilgaha Fengsui, Kizil Grottoes, SUBASHI Buddhist temple site, Beiting ancient city site.)
Silk road to Kazakhstan (Almaty: kaialik site, talgar site, karamorgen site; jiangbuer: Aktobe site, Kulan site, olnek site, akyatas site, kostobi site)
How many good stories and scenery are there behind the Silk Road?
Silk is soft and delicate, but the silk road is rough and strong. After years and dust, it has developed civilization, and has incomparable richness. The envoys, business travelers, monks and samurai who come and go are no longer here. However, the past eventful years are still eye-catching, and this place will be more prosperous. .