Do you know the width of the Taiwan Strait?
The Taiwan Strait has increasingly become the focus of the world. Do you know the width of the Taiwan Strait?
The Taiwan Strait is the strait connecting the Chinese mainland and Taiwan island to the South China Sea and the East China Sea. From the coast of Fujian Province in the west to the West Bank of Taiwan Island in the East; The North-South boundary is usually the connecting line from maonose in the south of Taiwan to Nan'ao Island in Guangdong, and from fuguijiao in the north of Taiwan to Zizania latifolia in Lianjiang, Fujian.
The Taiwan Strait extends longitudinally to the northeast, with a length of about 400 kilometers and an area of about 90000 square kilometers. It is wide in the South and narrow in the north. The south entrance is about 400 kilometers wide, the north entrance is about 200 kilometers wide, and the narrowest part in the north is 130 kilometers.
The Taiwan Strait is the main route connecting north and South China Sea. It is located on the continental shelf of the East China Sea. The terrain is uneven, and the average water depth is about 60 meters. The Strait is located in the subtropical and northern tropical monsoon climate zone. Affected by the Kuroshio, the Strait has high water temperature, high salinity, transparency and strong wind and waves.
The Taiwan Strait is rich in resources and is one of China's important fishing grounds. Dolphin, tuna and shark are the three major fishing products here. The bottom of the Strait is rich in oil and gas resources, as well as ferrotitanium, magnet, rutile, monazite and zircon, with high grade and large reserves.
Both sides of the Taiwan Strait have been the sacred territory of China since ancient times. In the Zhou Dynasty, it was seven Fujian areas, and after the spring and Autumn period, it was Fujian and Vietnam. During the Three Kingdoms period, the state of Wu set up Jian'an county and sent troops to Taiwan. In the Northern Song Dynasty, it set up Fujian Road and began to regulate households in Taiwan. In the Yuan Dynasty, it established two provinces, Fuzhou and Quanzhou. In the Qing Dynasty, the division of Fujian inherited the Ming system and added Taiwan government, which was under the jurisdiction of Fujian. In 1885, the Taiwan government established a separate province. After the revolution of 1911, they were all located in Fujian Province. During the reign of Emperor Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty, China and Japan were defeated in the China Japanese War of 1894-1895. According to the Treaty of Shimonoseki between China and Japan, the Qing government was forced to cede Taiwan and Penghu to Japan until the restoration of Taiwan in 1945 and the return of Taiwan and Penghu Islands to China.
Since both sides of the Taiwan Strait are Chinese territory and the width of the Strait is less than 200 nautical miles, according to the United Nations Convention on the law of the sea, most of the waters of the Taiwan Strait are China's "exclusive economic zone" except the "territorial sea" within 12 nautical miles of both sides.
Some people ask, why do US warships always cross the Taiwan Strait?
The reason may be that they are too powerful.